What You Need to Know About Heart Diseases and Stroke

Heart disease is a name given to a variety of conditions affecting the performance of the heart. The operation of the heart without a disorder of the organ produces such disturbances. Palpitation is the most common of these. This may be due to emotional states such as fear, anger, joy, grief, or anxiety; or to certain drugs or poisons that may be found in tea, coffee, tobacco, or alcoholic beverages.

When heart failure occurs, there are real symptoms of heart disease. Shortness of breath with mild exercise is one of the first signs. Distress and fullness after eating are very popular. Some early symptoms include fatigue and loss of stamina, especially in the legs; palpitation of the heart with fullness in the chest and dry cough; dull pain and soreness in the liver and also in the back.


What You Need to Know About Heart Diseases and Stroke


It's usually worse at night and disappears during sleep. Weakness rises until the patient finds himself drained by the slightest effort. He's anxious and sleepless.

Each person with acute heart disease of any kind should be under the daily care of a physician, and every person with chronic heart disease should be seen regularly by a physician. A common misconception about the heart is that, once it is affected, there is lifelong trouble with chronic invalidity and early death. Nothing is more than the reality. Rugged hearts often have an impressive recovery over time. Rest, physical and mental, is an important cure. The patient must choose food that does not cause gas and indigestion, and beware of emotional outbursts, particularly rage.

Types of Heart Diseases. 


1. Angina, in which there is poor blood circulation to the heart. 

2. Heart Attack, in which there is the death of part of the heart muscle. 

3. Arrhythmia, in which the rate or rhythm of the heartbeat is abnormal. 

4. Atherosclerosis, where the muscles harden. It is a build-up of cholesterol and other fatty compounds within the walls of the arteries. Atherosclerosis is a progressive disease that can occur in any artery in the body. It's a common artery disease.

5. Rheumatic, this was once one of the most severe types of childhood and adolescent heart disease. The disease causes damage to the whole heart and its membranes. It is a symptom of rheumatic fever which usually occurs after an outbreak of rheumatic fever. The incidence of this condition has been greatly reduced by widespread use of antibiotics effective against the streptococcal bacterium that causes rheumatic fever.

6. Myocarditis is an infection or degeneration of the heart muscle. This may be due to complications during or after multiple viral, bacterial or parasitic infectious diseases such as pneumonia, measles, rubella or rheumatic fever. This may be caused by a number of diseases, such as syphilis, goitre, endocarditis, or hypertension. It may be associated with dilation (enlargement due to weakness of the heart muscle) or hypertrophy (overgrowth of the muscle tissue).


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Know the signs of a heart attack. 

During a heart attack, men often have these symptoms: 

1. Pain or discomfort in the Centre of the chest.

2. Pain or discomfort in other areas of the upper body, including the arms, back, neck, jaw, or stomach. 

3. Other symptoms, such as shortness of breath breaking out in a cold sweat, nausea, or light-headedness. 

The basics of stroke. 

Stroke is the third leading cause of death for men. The stroke occurs when part of the brain does not get the blood it needs. Then, brain cells die. There are two types of stroke. 

1. An ischemic (iss-kee-mik) stroke. This happens when blood is blocked from getting to the brain. 

2. A hemorrhagic (heh-muh-ra-jik) stroke. This happens when a blood vessel in the brain bursts and blood bleeds into the brain. 

A person might also have a "mini-stroke." This happens when, for a short time, less blood than normal gets to the brain. You may have some signs of a full stroke, or you may not notice any signs at all. But it only lasts a few minutes up to 24 hours. Then you're back to normal. Many people don't even know they've had it. However, a "mini-stroke" is a sign of a full stroke to come, so it's important to know the signs of a stroke. 

Know the signs of Stroke. 

The signs of a stroke happen suddenly and are different from the signs of a heart attack. Look for these signs: 

1. Weakness or numbness on one side of your body. 

2. Dizziness 

3. loss of balance 

4. Confusion 

5. Trouble talking or understanding speech 

6. A headache vii. Nausea 

7. Trouble walking or seeing. 

Remember: Even if you have a "mini-stroke" you may have some of these signs. 


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Steps to a healthy heart. 


1. Do not smoke: It is no surprise that smoking hurts your heart. So if you smoke, try to quit. 

2. Get your cholesterol tested: If it is high (above 200), talk to your doctor or nurse about losing weight (if you are overweight) and getting more active. Ask if there is the medicine that may help. 

3. Know your blood pressure: Your heart moves blood through your body. If it is hard for your heart to do this, your heart works harder and your blood pressure will rise. Have it checked to make sure you're on track! It is high (systolic above 139 and diastolic above 89), talk to your doctor or nurse about how to lower it. 

4. Get tested for diabetes: Diabetes can raise your chances of getting heart disease. If you have diabetes, keep your blood sugar levels in check! This is the best way for you to take care of yourself and your heart. 

5. Eat heart-healthy foods: Whole grain foods, vegetables, and fruits. Choose lean meats and low-fat cheese and dairy products. Limit foods that have lots of saturated fat, like butter, whole milk, baked goods, ice cream, fatty meats and cheese. 

6. Keep a healthy weight: Being overweight or obese raises your risk for heart disease. 

7. Eat less salt: Choose foods salt. Use spices, herbs, lemon, and lime instead of salt. This is really important if you have high blood pressure. 

8. Do not drink too much of alcohol: Too much alcohol raises blood pressure and can raise your risk of stroke and other problems. 

9. Get moving: Get at least 30 minutes of physical activity on most days, if not all days of the week. 

10. Take your medicine: If your doctor has prescribed medicine to lower your blood pressure or cholesterol, take it exactly as you have been told to take it. 

11. Take steps to treat your sleep problems: If you snore loudly, have been told you stop breathing at times when you sleep and are very sleepy during the day, you may have sleep apnea. If you don't treat it, it raises your chances of having a heart attack or stroke. Talk with your doctor or nurse about treating this problem. 

12. Find healthy ways to cope with stress: Sometimes, people cope with stress by eating, drinking too much alcohol, or smoking-these are all ways that could hurt your heart. Lower your stress: talk to friends, be physically active, or meditate. 


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What You Need to Know About Heart Diseases and Stroke What You Need to Know About Heart Diseases and Stroke Reviewed by Divyansh mali on March 02, 2020 Rating: 5

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